The Anthropocene Golden Spike: The Age of Humans


Handouts and Links

Course syllabus for Spring 2018

Rock cycle

Geological Time Scale

International Chronostratigraphic Chart

Locations of GSSPs

The International Commission on Stratigraphy » Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy » The Anthropocene Working Group

 

 

Audio and Video Reports

TED Radio Hour: Anthropocene, see http://one.npr.org/?sharedMediaId=495657272:496016953

The Library of Congress Webcasts: The Anthropocene, see http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=4829

Earth's History Plays Out On A Football Field, see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M8V_glRW1hA

Deep Time Global Change and You, see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XKxkacvztCA



Publications

Amos, Jonathan (2016). 'Case is Made' for the Anthropocene Era. Retrieved on 28 November 2016 from http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-35259194
[Introduction to the Anthropocene; easy read]

Barnosky, Anthony D., Nicholas Matzke, Susumu Tomiya, Guinevere O. U. Wogan, Brian Swartz, Tiago B. Quental, Charles Marshall, Jenny L. McGuire, Emily L. Lindsey, Kaitlin C. Maguire, Ben Mersey and Elizabeth A. Ferrer (2011). Has the Earth's Sixth Mass Extinction Already Arrived? Retrieved on 27 November 2016 from http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v471/n7336/full/nature09678.html
[Extinctions; difficult read]

Biello, David (2016). You Have Been Living in a New Geologic Time All Along. Retrieved on 27 November 2016 from http://ideas.ted.com/you-have-been-living-in-a-new-geologic-time-all-along
[Introduction to the Anthropocene; easy read]

Briggs, Helen (2016). Southern Hemisphere Recovered Faster From Dino Strike. Retrieved on 28 November 2016 from http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-37872115
[Extinctions; easy read]

Brown, Joshua (2015). Scientists Peg Anthropocene to First Farmers. Retrieved 19 December 2016 from http://www.uvm.edu/~uvmpr/?Page=news&storyID=22035
[Anthropocene markers; easy read. See Lyons et al. 2015 for the more detailed report]

Carrington, Damian (2016a). The Anthropocene Epoch: Scientists Declare Dawn of Human-Influenced Age. Retrieved on 27 November 2016 from https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/aug/29/declare-anthropocene-epoch-experts-urge-geological-congress-human-impact-earth
[Introduction to the Anthropocene; easy read]

Carrington, Damian (2016b). World on Track to Lose Two-Thirds of Wild Animals by 2020, Major Report Warns. Retrieved on 28 November 2016 from https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/oct/27/world-on-track-to-lose-two-thirds-of-wild-animals-by-2020-major-report-warns
[Extinctions; easy read]

Christian, David (n.d.). The Big History Project (Chapter 5: The Modern Revolution and the Future). Retrieved on 20 December 2016 from https://www.bighistoryproject.com/chapters/5#
[History of Earth; Chapter 5 relates to the Anthropocene; easy read but long]

Consensus For Action (2013). Scientific Consensus on Maintaining Humaniy's Life Support Systems in the 21st Century. Retrieved on 11 January 2017 from
http://consensusforaction.stanford.edu/see-scientific-consensus/consensus_english.pdf
[Environmental issues; easy read, but long]

Crutzen, P. J. and E. F. Stoermer (2000). The Anthropocene in The Global Change Newsletter, v. 41, p. 17–18.
[Introduction to the Anthropocene; moderate read; often cited; informative]

Edwards, Lucy (2015). What Is the Anthropocene? Retrieved on 28 November 2016 from https://eos.org/opinions/what-is-the-anthropocene
[Geological basis for the Anthropocene; easy read]

Estrada, Alejandro, Paul A. Garber, Anthony B. Rylands, Christian Roos, Eduardo Fernandez-Duque, Anthony Di Fiore, K. Anne-Isola Nekaris, Vincent Nijman, Eckhard W. Heymann, Joanna E. Lambert, Francesco Rovero, Claudia Barelli, Joanna M. Setchell, Thomas R. Gillespie, Russell A. Mittermeier, Luis Verde Arregoitia, Miguel de Guinea, Sidney Gouveia, Ricardo Dobrovolski, Sam Shanee, Noga Shanee, Sarah A. Boyle, Agustin Fuentes, Katherine C. MacKinnon, Katherine R. Amato, Andreas L. S. Meyer, Serge Wich, Robert W. Sussman, Ruliang Pan Inza Kone, Baoguo Li (2017). Impending extinction crisis of the world's primates: Why primates matter. Retrieved on 17 January 2017 from http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/3/1/e1600946
[Extinction; moderate read]

Finney, Stanley and Lucy Edwards (2016). The "Anthropocene" Epoch: Scientific Decision or Political Statement? Retrieved on 27 November 2016 from http://www.geosociety.org/gsatoday/archive/26/3/pdf/i1052-5173-26-3-4.pdf
[Geological basis for the Anthropocene; moderate read; informative]

Foster, G.L., D.L. Royer and D.J. Lunt (2017). Future Climate Forcing Potentially Without Precedent in the Last 420 Million Years. Retrieved on 28 April 2017 from https://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14845
[Thorough review of climate forcing factors; moderate read; informative]

Klein, G.D. ( 2015). The "Anthropocene": What is its Geological Utility? (Answer: It Has None!). Retrieved on 27 November 2016 from http://www.episodes.org/index.php/epi/article/view/79720/61837
[No geological basis for the Anthropocene; easy read]

Lewis, Simon and Mark Maslin (2015). Defining the Anthropocene. Retrieved on 27 November 2016 from http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v519/n7542/abs/nature14258.html
[Anthropocene markers; moderate read; informative]

Lyons, Kathleen S., Kathryn L. Amatangelo, Anna K. Behrensmeyer, Antoine Bercovici, Jessica L. Blois, Matt Davis, William A. DiMichele, Andrew Du, Jussi T. Eronen, J. Tyler Faith, Gary R. Graves, Nathan Jud, Conrad Labandeira, Cindy V. Looy, Brian McGill, Joshua H. Miller, David Patterson, Silvia Pineda-Munoz, Richard Potts, Brett Riddle, Rebecca Terry, Anikó Tóth, Werner Ulrich, Amelia Villaseõr, Scott Wing, Heidi Anderson, John Anderson, Donald Waller and Nicholas J. Gotelli (2015). Holocene Shifts in the Assembly of Plant and Animal Communities Implicate Human Impacts. Retrieved on 27 November 2016 from https://vk.com/doc962320_437146056?hash=fd49aa7badc46e2820&dl=cb0e445ccb1cea2cdf
[Agricultural markers for the Anthropocene; difficult read]

Molina, Eustoquio, Laia Alegret, Ignacio Arenillas, Josi A Arz, Njoud Gallala, Jan Hardenbol, Katharina von Salis, Etienne Steurbaut, Noël Vandenberghe, and Dalila Zaghbib-Turki (2006). The Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point for the base of the Danian Stage (Paleocene, Paleogene, "Tertiary", Cenozoic) at El Kef, Tunisia: Original definition and revision. Retrieved on 27 November 2016 from http://www.stratigraphy.org/upload/bak/Danian.pdf
[GSSP example for the K/T boundary; moderate read]

Mooney, Chris (2016). What We're Doing to the Earth Has No Parallel in 66 Million Years, Scientists Say. Retrieved on 27 November 2016 from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2016/03/21/what-were-doing-to-the-earth-has-no-parallel-in-66-million-years-scientists-say/
[Introduction to the Anthropocene; easy read]

Nuwer, Rachel (2017). How Wester Civilisation Could Collapse. Retrieved on 24 Decemer 2017 from http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20170418-how-western-civilisation-could-collapse [Environmental and economic trends that portend collapse; easy read]

Ripple, William J., Thomas M. Newsome, Christopher Wolf, Rodolfo Dirzo, Kristoffer T. Everatt, Mauro Galetti, Matt W. Hayward, Graham I. H. Kerley, Taal Levi, Peter A. Lindsey, David W. Macdonald, Yadvinder Malhi, Luke E. Painter, Christopher J. Sandom, John Terborgh and Blaire Van Valkenburgh (2015). Collapse of the World's Largest Herbivores. Retrieved on 21 December 2016 from http://advances.sciencemag.org/content/1/4/e1400103.full
[Extinctions; moderate read]

Ripple, William J., Christopher Wolf, Thomas M. Newsome, Mauro Galetti, Mohammed Alamgir, Eileen Crist, Mahmoud I. Mahmoud, and William F. Laurance (2017). World Scientists’ Warning to Humanity: A Second Notice. Retrieved on 17 Jan 2018 from https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/bix125
[Summary of environmental problems; easy read]

Shermer, Michael (2017). How To Convince Someone When Facts Fail. Retrieved on 29 December 2017 from https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/how-to-convince-someone-when-facts-fail/?WT.mc_id=SA_FB_MB_EG
[Suggestions for listening and talking; simple read]

Stanley, Steven M. (2016). Estimates of the Magnitudes of Major Marine Mass Extinctions in Earth History. Retrieved on 25 December 2016 from http://www.pnas.org/content/113/42/E6325.full.pdf?with-ds=yes
[Extinctions; difficult read]

Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy (2016). Working Group on the Anthropocene. Retrieved on 27 November 2016 from http://quaternary.stratigraphy.org/workinggroups/anthropocene/
[Geological basis for the Anthropocene; easy read; informative]

Turney, Chris S. M., Jonathan Palmer, Mark A. Maslin, Alan Hogg, Christopher J. Fogwill, John Southon, Pavla Fenwick, Gerhard Helle, Janet M. Wilmshurst, Matt McGlone, Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Zoë Thomas, Mathew Lipson, Brent Beaven, Richard T. Jones, Oliver Andrews and Quan Hua (2018). Global Peak in Atmospheric Radiocarbon Provides a Potential Definition for the Onset of the Anthropocene Epoch in 1965. Retrieved on 2 March 2018 from https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-20970-5
[Discussion on unstable isotopes; moderate read; informative]

Waters, Colin N., Jan Zalasiewicz, Colin Summerhayes, Anthony D. Barnosky, Clèment Poirier, Agnieszka Galuszka, Alejandro Cearreta, Matt Edgeworth, Erle C. Ellis, Michael Ellis, Catherine Jeandel, Reinhold Leinfelder, J. R. McNeill, Daniel deB. Richter, Will Steffen, James Syvitski, Davor Vidas, Michael Wagreich, Mark Williams, An Zhisheng, Jacques Grinevald, Eric Odada, Naomi Oreskes, and Alexander P. Wolfe (2016). The Anthropocene is Functionally and Stratigraphically Distinct From the Holocene. Science, v. 351(6269), p. 1–10.
[Markers of the Anthropocene; moderate read; informative]

Waters, Colin N., Jan Zalasiewicz, Colin Summerhayes, Ian J.Fairchild, Neil L.Rose, Neil J. Loader, William Shotyk, Alejandro Cearreta, Martin J. Head, James P. M. Syvitski, Mark Williams, Michael Wagreich, Anthony D. Barnosky, An Zhisheng, Reinhold Leinfelder, Catherine Jeandel, Agnieszka Galuszka, Juliana A. Ivar do Sul, Felix Gradstein, Will Steffen, John R. McNeill, Scott Wing, Clèment Poirier, Matt Edgeworth (2017). Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Anthropocene Series: Where and How to Look for Potential Candidates. Retrieved on 2 March 2018 from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012825217304087?via%3Dihub
[Markers fro the Anthropocene; moderate read; very informative]

Zalasiewicz, Jan, Williams, M., Smith, A., Barry, T.L., Coe, A.L., Bown, P.R., Brenchley, P., Cantrill, D., Gale, A., Gibbard, P., Gregory, F.J., Hounslow, M.W., Kerr, A.C., Pearson, P., Knox, R., Powell, J., Waters, C., Marshall, J., Oates, M., Rawson, P., and Stone, P. (2008). Are We Now Living in the Anthropocene?  GSA Today, v. 18, p. 4–8, doi: 10.1130/GSAT01802A.1.
[Markers and geological basis of the Anthropocene; moderate read]

Zalasiewicz, Jan, Mark Williams, Richard Fortey, Alan Smith, Tiffany L. Barry, Angela L. Coe, Paul R. Bown, Peter F. Rawson, Andrew Gale, Philip Gibbard, F. John Gregory, Mark W. Hounslow, Andrew C. Kerr, Paul Pearson, Robert Knox, John Powell, Colin Waters, John Marshall, Michael Oates, Philip Stone (2011). Stratigraphy of the Anthropocene. Retrieved on 20 December 2016 from http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/369/1938/1036
[Overview of the issues related ot the Anthropocene; moderate read; informative]

Zalasiewicz, Jan, Colin N.Waters, Colin P. Summerhayes, Alexander P.Wolfe, Anthony D. Barnosky, Alejandro Cearreta, Paul Crutzen, Erle Ellish, Ian J. Fairchild, Agnieszka Gałuszka, Peter Haff, Irka Hajdas, Martin J. Head, Juliana A. Ivar do Sul, Catherine Jeandel, Reinhold Leinfelder, John R. McNeill, Cath Neal, Eric Odada, Naomi Oreskes, Will Steffen, James Syvitski, Davor Vidas, Michael Wagreich, and Mark Williams (2017). The Working Group On The Anthropocene: Summary of Evidence and Interim Recommendations. Retrieved on 5 February 2018 from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213305417300097#!
[Consideration of numerous, likely markers; moderate read]

Zalasiewicz, Jan, Waters, C.N., Williams, M., Barnosky, A.D., Cearreta, A., Crutzen, P., Ellis, E., Ellis, M.A., Fairchild, I.J., Grinevald, J., Haff, P.K., Hajdas, I., Leinfelder, R., McNeill, J., Odada, E.O., Poirier, C., Richter, D., Steffen, W., Summerhayes, C., Syvitski, J.P.M., Vidas, D., Wagreich, M., Wing, S.L., Wolfe, A.P., An, Z., and Oreskes, N. (2015). When did the Anthropocene Begin? A Mid-twentieth Century Boundary Level is Stratigraphically Optimal. Quaternary International. doi: 10.1016/j .quaint.2014.11.045.
[GSSP for the Anthropocene; moderate read]

Zalasiewicz, Jan (2016). What Mark Will We Leave On The Planet: A History In Layers. Scientific American v. 315(3), p. 30–37.
[General overview and markers for the Anthropocene; easy read; informative]

Zeebe, R. E., A. Ridgwell and J.C. Zachos (2016). Anthropogenic Carbon Release Rate Unprecedented During the Past 66 Million Years. Nature Geoscience 9:325–329. Retrieved on 21 December 2016 from http://kanat.jsc.vsc.edu/env2080/papers/zeebeEtAl2016.pdf
[Carbon dioxide marker for the Anthropocene; moderate read]




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